Modeling and Trajectory Control of a Transitioning Quadrotor Biplane Tailsitter

A comparison study between modeling approaches of a quadrotor biplane tailsitter aircraft is conducted. A blade
element theory model with dynamic inflow is used to validate a reduced order model that incorperates a simple interference
model for trajectory planning and dynamic simulation. With an appropriate interference model, the predicted
power requirement through transition from hover to forward flight drops by 30-45% as the interference velocity reduces
the effective angle of attack for the wing. A trajectory generation scheme is developed, which shows the importance
of accurate stall modeling for the transition maneuver. Without interference modeling all transition trajectories are
expected to violate the installed motor power limit or pass through an excessively stalled wing state (> 60). The
interference model dynamics are used to design a trajectory that avoids stall of the aircraft by adding a vertical climb
element to the transition maneuver. A transition controller is linear dynamic inversion transition controller is described
for inner loop stability over the entire flight regime.

Reference

Reddinger, J. P., McIntosh, K., Zhao, D., and Mishra S., "Modeling and Trajectory Control of a Transitioning Quadrotor Biplane Tailsitter ,"

Proceedings of the 75th Vertical Flight Society Annual Forum, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 13-16, 2019.